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Numerical Simulation of Cup-Cone Fracture in a Round Tensile Bar

[+] Author Affiliations
Y. Kim, Y. J. Chao

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

P.-S. Lam

Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

Paper No. PVP2008-61186, pp. 53-60; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME and Washington Savannah River Company LLC


Cup and cone fracture for a round tensile bar under tension is analyzed numerically using finite element method. Finite strain analysis with general solid elements is performed to simulate the development of necking, flat cracking at the center of the bar, propagation of the flat crack towards the free surface, and then slant 45° cracking leading to the final separation of the tensile bar. The key fracture stages and parameters in the simulation of this entire process include (a) a fracture criterion for the flat cracking at the center of the bar, (b) flat crack propagation using a constant crack-tip-opening-angle and/or displacement (CTOA/CTOD), (c) a criterion for determining the transition from flat cracking to slant cracking, (d) slant crack propagation using a constant shear CTOA/CTOD. Details of the numerical process are provided.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME and Washington Savannah River Company LLC



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