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Engineering Relation for Dependence of Threshold Stress Intensity Factor for Delayed Hydride Cracking on Crack Orientation

[+] Author Affiliations
Douglas A. Scarth, Gordon K. Shek, Steven X. Xu

Kinectrics, Inc., Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. PVP2008-61157, pp. 29-42; 14 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Delayed Hydride Cracking (DHC) in cold-worked Zr-2.5 Nb pressure tubes is of interest to the CANDU industry in the context of the potential to initiate DHC at an in-service flaw. Examples of in-service flaws are fuel bundle scratches, crevice corrosion marks, fuel bundle bearing pad fretting flaws and debris fretting flaws. To date, experience with fretting flaws has been favourable, and crack growth from an in-service fretting flaw has not been detected. However, postulated DHC growth from these flaws can result in severe restrictions on the allowable number of reactor Heatup/Cooldown cycles prior to re-inspection of the flaw, and it is important to reduce any unnecessary conservatism in the evaluation of DHC from the flaw. One method to reduce conservatism is to take credit for the increase in the isothermal threshold stress intensity factor for DHC initiation at a crack, KIH , as the flaw orientation changes from an axial flaw to a circumferential flaw in the pressure tube. This increase in KIH is due to the texture of the pressure tube material. An engineering relation that provides the value of KIH as a function of the orientation of the flaw relative to the axial direction in the pressure tube has been developed as described in this paper. The engineering relation for KIH has been validated against results from DHC initiation experiments on unirradiated cold-worked Zr-2.5 Nb pressure tube material.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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