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Finite Element Analysis of the Fatigue Strength of Threaded Fasteners Using Helical Thread Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Toshimichi Fukuoka, Masataka Nomura, Takashi Fuchikami

Kobe University, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan

Paper No. PVP2009-77340, pp. 909-915; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2009-77340
From:
  • ASME 2009 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 3: Design and Analysis
  • Prague, Czech Republic, July 26–30, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4366-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3854-9
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Fatigue failures of bolted joints frequently lead to serious accidents of machines and structures. It is well known that fatigue failure is likely to occur around the first thread root of bolt adjacent to the nut loaded surface and the run-out of bolt thread. That is because high stress amplitudes are generated there due to alternating external forces. Accordingly, it is significantly important to evaluate the stress amplitudes along the thread root in order to better define the fatigue failure mechanism of bolted joints. In this study, stress amplitude distributions along the thread helix including the thread run-out are analyzed by three-dimensional finite element analysis, where the numerical models of bolted joints are constructed so as to accurately take account of the effect of thread helical geometry, using the modeling scheme proposed in the previous paper. The analytical objectives are bolted joints with axi-symmetric geometry except for the helical-shaped threaded portions, and are subjected to axi-symmetric external forces. It has been substantiated, based on the stress amplitude distributions along the thread helix, that the fatigue failures are likely to originate from the first bolt thread, as in the case of the maximum stress, and the run-out of threads. Also shown is that the fatigue failure location varies depending on the distance between the target bolt and the loading position and whether or not there is a separation at the plate interface.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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