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Blade Loading and its Application in the Mean-Line Design of Low Pressure Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
John D. Coull, Howard P. Hodson

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Paper No. GT2011-45238, pp. 547-558; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2011-45238
From:
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Turbomachinery, Parts A, B, and C
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5467-9
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

In order to minimize the number of iterations to a turbine design, reasonable choices of the key parameters must be made at the earliest possible opportunity. The choice of blade loading is of particular concern in the low pressure (LP) turbine of civil aero engines, where the use of high-lift blades is widespread. This paper presents an analytical mean-line design study for a repeating-stage, axial-flow Low Pressure (LP) turbine. The problem of how to measure blade loading is first addressed. The analysis demonstrates that the Zweifel coefficient [1] is not a reasonable gauge of blade loading because it inherently depends on the flow angles. A more appropriate coefficient based on blade circulation is proposed. Without a large set of turbine test data it is not possible to directly evaluate the accuracy of a particular loss correlation. The analysis therefore focuses on the efficiency trends with respect to flow coefficient, stage loading, lift coefficient and Reynolds number. Of the various loss correlations examined, those based on Ainley and Mathieson ([2], [3], [4]) do not produce realistic trends. The profile loss model of Coull and Hodson [5] and the secondary loss models of Craig and Cox [6] and Traupel [7] gave the most reasonable results. The analysis suggests that designs with the highest flow turning are the least sensitive to increases in blade loading. The increase in Reynolds number lapse with loading is also captured, achieving reasonable agreement with experiments.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Pressure , Design , Turbines , Blades

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