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Experimental Study on Shear Fracture of Advanced High Strength Steels: Part II

[+] Author Affiliations
Hua-Chu Shih, Ming F. Shi

United States Steel Corporation, Troy, MI

Z. Cedric Xia, Danielle Zeng

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Paper No. MSEC2009-84070, pp. 513-519; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/MSEC2009-84070
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference
  • ASME 2009 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, Volume 1
  • West Lafayette, Indiana, USA, October 4–7, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4361-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3859-4
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Developing a proper local formability failure criterion is the key to the successful prediction of the local formability of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) in computer simulations. Shear fracture, which refers to the fracture occurred in the die radius when a sheet metal is drawn over a small die radius, often occurs earlier than predicted by the conventional forming limit curve (FLC). As shown in a previous study using a laboratory Stretch-Forming Simulator (SFS), shear fracture depends not only on the radius-to-thickness (R/T) ratio but also on the tension/stretch level applied to the sheet during stretching or drawing. In the SFS test, a flat sheet is first clamped at the both ends then gradually is wrapped around the die radius as the punch moves downward. This process simulates the early stage of stamping when a sheet metal is initially stretched or drawn over a die/punch radius. However, shear fracture may not occur in this stage if the stretch/tension level is not high enough. In this study, the Bending under Tension (BUT) tester is used to evaluate shear fracture occurring in the later stage of stamping, after the sheet metal is totally wrapped around the die radius. It is demonstrated that shear fracture does occur in this deformation mode when a sufficient tension level is applied. Effects of forming conditions, such as forming speeds and lubrication on shear fracture, are also investigated. When compared to the results from the SFS, the data points failing at the die radius tangent point agree very well. It is observed that all data points above the tangent point failure line show shear fracture, while data points below this line show tensile failure (localized necking) regardless of the test methods used. This indicates that the tangent point fracture line can be used as the shear fracture failure limit. This failure criterion can be used in a computer simulation to simulate the shear fracture phenomenon in the entire deformation process involved in a sheet metal stretching or drawing over a die radius.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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