0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Centrifuge Modelling of Riser-Soil Stiffness Degradation in the Touchdown Zone of a Steel Catenary Riser

[+] Author Affiliations
M. S. Hodder, D. J. White, M. J. Cassidy

University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia

Paper No. OMAE2008-57302, pp. 241-249; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2008-57302
From:
  • ASME 2008 27th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 3: Pipeline and Riser Technology; Ocean Space Utilization
  • Estoril, Portugal, June 15–20, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4820-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3821-8
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Steel catenary risers (SCRs) are economical to assemble and install compared to conventional vertical risers. However, accurate evaluation of the fatigue life of an SCR remains a major challenge due to uncertainty surrounding the interaction forces at the seabed within the touchdown zone (TDZ). Fatigue life predictions are heavily dependant on the assumed stiffness between the riser and the seabed and therefore an accurate assessment of seabed stiffness — or more specifically the nonlinear pipe-soil resistance — is required. During the lifespan of an SCR, vessel motions due to environmental loading cause repeated penetration of the riser into the seabed within the TDZ. This behaviour makes assessment of seabed stiffness difficult due to the gross deformations of the seabed and the resulting soil remoulding and water entrainment. This paper describes a model test in which the movement of a length of riser pipe was simulated within the geotechnical beam centrifuge at the University of Western Australia. The model soil was soft, lightly over-consolidated kaolin clay with a linearly increasing shear strength profile with depth, typical of deepwater conditions. The pipe was cycled over a fixed vertical distance from an invert embedment of 0.5 diameters to above the soil surface. This range represents a typical vertical oscillation range of a section of riser within the TDZ during storm loading. The results indicate a significant degradation in the vertical pipe-soil resistance during cyclic vertical movements. Due to the cyclic degradation in soil strength, the component of the vertical resistance created by buoyancy was significant, particularly due to the influence of heave. A new approach to the interpretation of heave-enhanced buoyancy was used to extract the separate influences of soil strength and buoyancy, allowing the cyclic degradation in strength to be quantified. During cycling, the soil strength reduced by a factor of 7.5 relative to the initial penetration stage. This degradation was more significant than the reduction in soil strength during a cyclic T-bar penetration test. This contrast can be attributed to the breakaway of the pipe from the soil surface which allowed water entrainment. This dramatic loss of strength and therefore secant stiffness, and the significance of the buoyancy term in the total vertical pipe-soil resistance, has implications for the fatigue assessment of SCRs.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In