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Managing Vortex Induced Vibration in Well Jumper Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Kenneth Bhalla, Lixin Gong

Stress Engineering Services, Inc., Houston, TX

Paper No. OMAE2008-57026, pp. 3-8; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2008-57026
From:
  • ASME 2008 27th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 3: Pipeline and Riser Technology; Ocean Space Utilization
  • Estoril, Portugal, June 15–20, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4820-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3821-8
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present a method that has been developed to identify if vortex induced vibration (VIV) occurs in well jumper systems. Moreover, a method has been developed to determine when VIV mitigation measures such as strakes are required. The method involves determining the in-plane and out-of-plane natural frequencies and mode shapes. The natural frequencies are then used, in conjunction with the maximum bottom current expected at a given location to determine if suppression is required. The natural frequency of a jumper system is a function of many variables, e.g. span length, leg height, pipe diameter and thickness, buoyancy placement, buoyancy uplift, buoyancy OD, insulation thickness, and contents of the jumper. The suppression requirement is based upon calculating a lower bound lock-in current speed based upon an assumed velocity bandwidth centered about the lock-in current. The out-of-plane VIV cross-flow response is produced by a current in the plane of the jumper; whereas the in-plane VIV cross-flow response is produced by the out-of-plane current. Typically, the out-of-plane natural frequency is smaller than the in-plane natural frequency. Jumpers with small spans have higher natural frequencies; thus small span jumpers may require no suppression or suppression on the vertical legs. Whereas, larger span jumpers may require no suppression, suppression on the vertical legs or suppression on all the legs. The span of jumper systems (i.e. production, water injection, gas lift/injection ...) may vary in one given field; it has become apparent that not all jumper systems require suppression. This technique has allowed us to recognize when certain legs of a given jumper system may require suppression, thus leading to a jumper design whose safety is not compromised while in the production mode, as well as minimizing downtime and identifying potential savings from probable fatigue failures.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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