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The Influence of Turbine Stator Well Coolant Flow Rate and Passage Configuration on Cooling Effectiveness

[+] Author Affiliations
D. D. Coren, C. A. Long, D. Eastwood

University of Sussex, Brighton, UK

N. R. Atkins

Cambridge University, Brighton, UK

P. R. N. Childs

Imperial College London, London, UK

A. Guijarro-Valencia, J. A. Dixon

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, UK

Paper No. GT2011-46448, pp. 981-992; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2011-46448
From:
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by Rolls-Royce plc

abstract

Market competitiveness for aero engine power plant dictates that improvements in engine performance and reliability are guaranteed a priori by manufacturers. The requirement to accurately predict the life of engine components makes exacting demands of the internal air system, which must provide effective cooling over the engine duty cycle with the minimum consumption of compressor section air. Tests have been conducted at the University of Sussex using a turbine test facility which comprises a two stage turbine with an individual stage pressure ratio of 1.7:1. Main annulus air is supplied by an adapted Rolls-Royce Dart compressor at up to 440 K and 4.8 kg s−1 . Cooling flow rates ranging from 0.71 to 1.46 Cw, ent , a disc entrainment parameter, have been used to allow ingress or egress dominated stator well flow conditions. The mechanical design of the test section allows internal cooling geometry to be rapidly re-configured, allowing the effect of jet momentum and coolant trajectory to be investigated. An important facet to this investigation is the use of CFD to model and analyse the flow structures associated with the cavity conditions tested, as well as to inform the design of cooling path geometry. This paper reports on the effectiveness of stator well coolant flow rate and delivery configurations using experimental data and also CFD analysis to better quantify the effect of stator well flow distribution on component temperatures.

Copyright © 2011 by Rolls-Royce plc

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