0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Design and Validation of a New Test Rig for Brush Seal Testing Under Engine Relevant Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
D. Pfefferle, K. Dullenkopf, H.-J. Bauer

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany

Paper No. GT2011-45107, pp. 679-689; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2011-45107
From:
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Brush seals play an increasing role in turbomachinery due to their improved behavior towards leakage and their capability to compensate for gap variations caused by thermal expansion and rotor excursions. The flexible bristles of brush seals are able to endure short-term reductions in gap width without severe damage. Consequently the necessary gap between the rotor and brush seal can virtually be reduced to zero, leading to a considerable reduction in air leakage of up to 80 percent. However the reduced gap height increases the probability of rubbing between the bristle package and the rotor surface. The friction forces generated can cause an unwanted heat load on the rotor, bristles and leakage air. In addition, the surfaces involved are exposed to abrasion effects. Especially in the thin and lightweight rotor structures of aircraft engines, the additional heat impact can lead to a problematic level of material stress. To study these effects and to give reliable quantitative design rules, a versatile test rig for brush seals was designed and built. The simulation of seal behavior under relevant engine conditions is the main emphasis of this rig, including high pressure drop, leakage flow and high surface speed. The key feature is the possibility to vary the axis symmetric radial gap width during the test rig operation by up to a 0.5 mm overlap. The so caused rubbing induces a transient rotor temperature rise which is measured via a set of 12 thermocouples embedded in the rotor. These temperature readings can be used to calculate the brush seal heat impact on the rotor structure. Preliminary results with moderate differential pressure and rotor speed proved the functionality of the test rig and confirmed the global approach of the project.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Engines , Design , Testing

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In