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The NEKOMIMI Cooling Technology: Cooling Holes With Ears for High-Efficient Film Cooling

[+] Author Affiliations
Karsten Kusterer, Anas Elyas

B&B-AGEMA GmbH, Aachen, Germany

Dieter Bohn

RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Takao Sugimoto, Ryozo Tanaka, Masahide Kazari

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Akashi, Japan

Paper No. GT2011-45524, pp. 303-313; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2011-45524
From:
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Further improvement of the thermal efficiency of modern gas turbines can be achieved by a further reduction of the cooling air amount. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the cooling effectiveness, so that the available cooling air fulfils the cooling task even if the amount has been reduced. Due to experimental and numerical efforts, it is well understood today that aerodynamic mixing processes are enhanced by counter-rotating vortices (CRV) in the cooling jets and lead to jet lift-off effects. Thus, the film-cooling effectiveness is reduced soon behind the cooling air ejection through the holes. Due to that basic understanding, different technologies for improving film cooling have been developed. Some of them focus on establishing anti-counter-rotating vortices (ACRV) inside the cooling jet that prevent the hot gas from flowing underneath the jet and, thus, avoid the lift-off effect. One of these technologies is the double-jet film cooling (DJFC), invented by the authors, where the special arrangement of two cylindrical holes lead to a cooling jet with such an anti-vortex system. However, beside the advantage that the holes are simple cylindrical holes, one disadvantage is that appropriate supply with cooling air for both holes is sometimes difficult to be established in real configurations. Thus, the authors have followed the idea to transfer the original double-jet film cooling principle to a special configuration with merged holes. Thus, in that case only one air supply is necessary but the anti-vortex effect has been preserved. The derived cooling technology has been named NEKOMIMI technology. The paper explains the principle of that technology. Results from experimental investigations including film cooling effectiveness measurements for the new technology are presented. The results are compared to conventional cooling hole configurations showing the tremendous positive effect in reaching highest film cooling effectiveness for the new configuration at M = 1.5 and partly for M = 1. Numerical investigations for the M = 1.5 case indicate that the existence of the ACRV is the likely reason for the enhanced cooling performance of the new configuration.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Ear

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