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Improved Trench Film Cooling With Shaped Trench Outlets

[+] Author Affiliations
Habeeb Idowu Oguntade, Gordon E. Andrews, Alan Burns, Derek B. Ingham, Mohammed Pourkashanian

University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

Paper No. GT2011-45253, pp. 127-136; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2011-45253
From:
  • ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 6–10, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5465-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents the influence of the shaped trailing edge of trench outlets on film cooling effectiveness and aerodynamics. A 90° outlet wall to a trench will give a vertical slot jet into the cross flow and it was considered that improvements in the cooling effectiveness would occur if the trailing edge of the trench outlet was bevelled or filleted. CFD approach was used for these investigations which started with the predictions of the conventional sharp edged trench outlet for two experimental geometries. The computational predictions for the conventional sharp edged trench outlet were shown to have good agreement with the experimental data for two experimental geometries. The shaped trailing edge of the trench outlet was predicted to improve the film cooling effectiveness. The bevelled and filleted trench outlets were predicted to further suppress vertical jet momentum and give a Coanda effect that allowed the cooling air to attach to the downstream wall surface with a better transverse spread of the coolant film. The new trench outlet geometries would allow a reduction in film cooling mass flow rate for the same cooling effectiveness. Also, it was predicted that reducing the coolant mass flow per hole and increasing the number of holes gave, for the same total coolant mass flow, a much superior surface averaged cooling effectiveness for the same cooled surface area.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Cooling

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