Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Corrosion Behavior of Carbon Steel for the Overpack in the Groundwater Containing Bicarbonate Ions

[+] Author Affiliations
Toshiyasu Nishimura, Junpha Dong

National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. ICONE16-48081, pp. 443-448; 6 pages
  • 16th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 1: Plant Operations, Maintenance, Installations and Life Cycle; Component Reliability and Materials Issues; Advanced Applications of Nuclear Technology; Codes, Standards, Licensing and Regulatory Issues
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, May 11–15, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4814-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3820-X
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Carbon steel is considered in Japan the candidate material for overpacks in high-level radioactive waste disposal. Effects of bicarbonate solutions on the corrosion behavior and corrosion products of carbon steel were investigated by electrochemical measurements, FT-IR and XRD analyses. The anodic polarization measurements showed that bicarbonate ions (HCO3−) accelerated the anodic dissolution and the outer layer film formation of carbon steel in the case of high concentrations, on the other hand, it inhibited these processes in the case of low concentrations. The FT-IR and XRD analyses of the anodized film showed that siderite (FeCO3) was formed in 0.5 to 1.0mol/L bicarbonate solution, and Fe2(OH)2CO3 in 0.1 to 0.2mol/L bicarbonate solution, while Fe6(OH)12CO3 was formed in 0.02 to 0.05mol/L bicarbonate solutions. The stability of these corrosion products was able to be explained by using the actual potential – pH diagrams for the Fe-H2O-CO2 system.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In