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Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer of an Adiabatic Cross-Flow Liquid Desiccant Absorber Operating at Low Temperatures

[+] Author Affiliations
Sergio M. Pineda, Gerardo Diaz

University of California, Merced, Merced, CA

Paper No. HT2009-88255, pp. 647-655; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/HT2009-88255
From:
  • ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the InterPACK09 and 3rd Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Heat Transfer Equipment; Heat Transfer in Electronic Equipment
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 19–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4356-7 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3851-8
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

With the rising costs of electricity due to increasing demand of electric power, liquid desiccant systems have received significant attention as a way to reduce latent loads on air conditioning systems. In particular, the performance of liquid desiccant systems in humid climates has shown significant reductions in energy consumption. In general, these liquid desiccant systems are composed by an absorber or dehumidifier and a regenerator that utilizes a heat source to reject the water from the diluted liquid desiccant. As the humidity of the air is absorbed at the dehumidifier, the temperature of the liquid desiccant increases due to the addition of heat from the enthalpy of condensation of the water vapor. Thus, many designs of liquid desiccant absorbers include the flow of a cooling fluid that removes heat from the liquid desiccant. A novel application of liquid desiccant systems corresponds to the localized removal of moisture from the air inside low temperature rooms that contain relatively high levels of humidity such as refrigerated warehouses for the food industry. The purpose is to reduce the formation of ice at the surface of the evaporator. Due to the low temperature of the air inside these rooms, no cooling fluid is necessary for the removal of heat from the liquid desiccant. Thus, the designs of the absorbers differ from the designs used for ambient air temperatures. In this paper, a mathematical model of the heat and mass transfer for an adiabatic parallel-plate absorber for which a thin film of liquid desiccant flows down its walls and dehumidifies the air in cross-flow configuration is developed.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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