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Control of Exoskeletons Inspired by Fictitious Variable Gain in Human

[+] Author Affiliations
Kyoungchul Kong, Masayoshi Tomizuka

University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA

Paper No. DSCC2008-2116, pp. 123-130; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • ASME 2008 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, Parts A and B
  • Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, October 20–22, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4335-2 | eISBN: 978-07918-3838-9
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


A human wearing an exoskeleton-type assistive device results in a parallel control system that includes two controllers: the human brain and a digital exoskeleton controller. Unknown and complicated characteristics of the brain dynamically interact with the exoskeleton controller which makes the controller design challenging. In this paper, the motion control system of a human is regarded as a feedback control loop that consists of a brain, muscles and the dynamics of the extended human body. The brain is modeled as a control algorithm amplified by a fictitious variable gain. The variable gain compensates for characteristic changes in the muscle and dynamics. If a human is physically impaired or subjected to demanding work, the exoskeleton should generate proper assistive forces, which is equivalent to increasing the variable gain. In this paper, a control algorithm that realizes the fictitious variable gain is designed and its performance and robustness are discussed for single-input single-output cases. The control algorithm is then verified by simulation results.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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