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Development of a Stepped Line Tensioning Solution for Mitigating VIM Effects in Loop Eddy Currents for the Genesis Spar

[+] Author Affiliations
T. Kokkinis, R. E. Sandström

ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, Houston, TX

H. T. Jones

ChevronTexaco Energy Technology Company, Bellaire, TX

H. M. Thompson

ChevronTexaco Energy Technology Company, Houston, TX

W. L. Greiner

Kellogg Brown and Root, Houston, TX

Paper No. OMAE2004-51546, pp. 995-1004; 10 pages
  • ASME 2004 23rd International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 23rd International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 1, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 20–25, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3743-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3738-6
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A number of spars are being installed in deepwater areas in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM), which are subject to loop / eddy current conditions and must be designed for Vortex-Induced Motion (VIM). This paper shows how recent advances in VIM prediction enabled an efficient and effective mooring design solution for the existing Genesis classic spar, which is installed in Green Canyon Block 205 in the GOM. The solution may also be applicable to new spar designs. During the Gulf of Mexico Millennium Eddy Current event in April 2001, the Genesis spar platform underwent vortex induced motions (VIM) which were greater than anticipated during the design of the mooring & riser systems. Analysis showed that if such large motions were to occur in higher currents in the range of the 100-year event, they could cause significant fatigue damage, and could lead to peak tensions in excess of design allowables. After a comprehensive evaluation of potential solutions, Stepped Line Tensioning (SLT) was determined to be the best approach for restoring the platform’s original mooring capacity on technical, cost and schedule grounds. SLT did not require extensive redesign of the existing mooring system of the spar. Furthermore, SLT provided a means to improve mooring integrity on an interim basis, while completing details for permanent implementation. Under SLT, the pretensions of the mooring lines are adjusted based on forecast currents in order to keep the platform below the VIM lock-in threshold at all times and for all eddy/loop current conditions up to and including the 100-year condition. High Reynolds number model tests conducted with a new test methodology were used to get a reliable prediction of the spar’s VIM response for this evaluation.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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