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Feedback Control of Biomolecular Systems Formed From Droplet-Interface Bilayers

[+] Author Affiliations
Stephen A. Sarles, Donald J. Leo

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. SMASIS2008-421, pp. 361-375; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/SMASIS2008-421
From:
  • ASME 2008 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2
  • Ellicott City, Maryland, USA, October 28–30, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4332-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3839-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Applying feedback control strategies to biological materials establishes a new paradigm for creating controlled biomolecular systems. Specifically, current tracking and feedback voltage amplification are demonstrated separately on bilayer lipid membranes (BLMs) formed via the droplet-interface bilayer (DIB) method. Ion channel induced degradation of the bilayer is studied in order to provide a convenient method for causing changes to the bilayer which can be monitored using proportional-integral (PI) feedback voltage control. Alpha-hemolysin (αHL) from Staphylococcus aureus was shown to cause large scale reductions (+90%) to the resistance of the lipid bilayers formed at the interface of connected water droplets within 90 minutes of bilayer formation. Feedback integral current control was demonstrated on pure 1,2-diphytanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPhPC) DIBs not containing αHL and provided accurate current tracking of a 100pA desired current signal driven at a rate of 10mHz and less. Voltage amplification monitoring was achieved on DPhPC DIBs containing αHL, providing a way to detect decreasing resistance and capacitance of the bilayer and nonlinear current-voltage relationship.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Feedback

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