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Optimal Sensor Placement for Active Sensing

[+] Author Affiliations
Eric Flynn, Michael Todd

University of California - San Diego, La Jolla, CA

Paper No. SMASIS2008-439, pp. 105-113; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/SMASIS2008-439
From:
  • ASME 2008 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2
  • Ellicott City, Maryland, USA, October 28–30, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4332-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3839-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

We present a novel approach for optimal actuator and sensor placement for active sensing-based structural health monitoring (SHM). Of particular interest is the optimization of actuator-sensor arrays making use of Lamb wave propagation for detecting damage in thin plate-like structures. Using a detection theory framework, we establish the optimum configuration as the minimization of the expected percentage of the structure to show type I or type II error during the damage detection process. The detector incorporates a statistical model of the active sensing process which implements both pulse-echo and pitch-catch actuation schemes and takes into account line of site and non-uniform damage probabilities. The optimization space was searched using a genetic algorithm with a time varying mutation rate. We provide four example actuator/sensor placement scenarios and the optimal solutions as generated by the algorithm.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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