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Cyclic and SCC Behavior of Alloy 152 Weld in a PWR Environment

[+] Author Affiliations
Bogdan Alexandreanu, Yiren Chen, Ken Natesan, Bill Shack

Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

Paper No. PVP2011-57463, pp. 639-653; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2011-57463
From:
  • ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 17–21, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4456-4
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Alloys 600 and 182 are used as structural materials in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and have been found to undergo stress corrosion cracking (SCC). Alloys 690 and 152 are the replacement materials of choice for Alloys 600 and 182, respectively. The objective of this work is to determine the crack growth rates (CGRs) in a simulated PWR water environment for Alloy 152. In order to meet the objective, specimens made from a laboratory-prepared Alloy 152 double-J weld in the as-welded condition were tested. For the SCC CGR measurements, the specimens were pre-cracked under cyclic loading in a primary water environment, and the cyclic CGRs were monitored to determine the transition from the fatigue transgranular fracture mode to the intergranular SCC fracture mode. The environmental enhancement of cyclic CGRs for Alloy 152 was minimal; nevertheless, the transition from transgranular to intergranular cracking was successful. Weld samples tested from the single heat of Alloy 152 exhibited SCC CGR rates of 10−11 m/s in the simulated PWR environment at 320°C, which is only about an order of magnitude lower than typical for Alloy 182.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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