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A Direct-Search Computational Weld Mechanics Optimization Using Least-Square Approximation

[+] Author Affiliations
Mahyar Asadi, John A. Goldak

Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Paper No. PVP2011-57960, pp. 455-464; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2011-57960
From:
  • ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 17–21, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4456-4
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Using a frame-work for exploring a design space in Computational Weld Mechanics (CWM), a recent direct-search algorithm from Kolda, Lewis and Torczon is modified to use a least-square approximation to improve the method of following a path to the minimum in the algorithm. To compare the original and modified algorithms, a CWM optimization problem on a 152 × 1220 × 12.5 mm bar of Aluminum 5052-H32 is solved to minimize the weld distortion mitigated by a side heating technique. The CWM optimization problem is to find the best point in the space of side heater design parameters: power, heated area, longitudinal and transverse distance from the weld such that the final distortion is as low as possible (minimized). This CWM optimization problem is constrained to keep the stress level generated by the side heaters, in the elastic region to avoid adding an additional permanent plastic strain to the bar. The number of iterations, size of DOE matrix required and CPU time to find the minimum for the two algorithms are compared.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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