Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

An Investigation on the Profile of Microlens by the Thermal Reflow Process Due to Surface Tension and Gravity

[+] Author Affiliations
Jhy-Cherng Tsai, Yong-Sung Hsu

National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan

Paper No. DETC2008-50077, pp. 569-572; 4 pages
  • ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 20th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology; Second International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems
  • Brooklyn, New York, USA, August 3–6, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4328-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3831-5
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Microlens and its mold fabricated by thermal reflow using photoresist have been widely used for forming patterns in different scales. When the photoresist solidifies from melting condition, for example by the reflow process, its profile is formed based on the balance between surface tension and gravity. This research is aimed to investigate the influence of surface tension and gravity on the profile of microlens in thermal reflow process. Theoretical analysis based on the interaction between surface tension and gravity of liquid droplet is first investigated. The result showed that the height to diameter ratio (h/D), or the sag ratio, of the liquid droplet is affected by the Bond number (Bo), a number defined as the ratio of gravity to surface tension. The sag ratio is not sensitive to Bo when Bo is small but the ratio decreases as Bo increases if Bo is over the critical number. Based on the analysis, the critical number for the AZ4620 photoresist on a silicon substrate is 1, corresponding to the critical radius of droplet R = 2,500μm. When the size of the droplet is less then the critical size, the profile is mainly controlled by the surface tension and thus the sag ratio is about the same regardless the size. The profile, in contrast, is highly affected by the gravity if the size of the droplet is larger then the critical size. The sag ratio decreases exponentially with respect to Bo in this case. Experiments are also designed and conducted to verify the analysis. Experimental result showed that the sag ratio of the photoresist reduces to 0.065 from 0.095 when Bo increases from 0.0048 to 0.192. The results showed that the trend is consistent to the theoretical model.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In