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Investigation of Discrete Out-of-Plane Waviness in Composite Wind Turbine Blades Using Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation

[+] Author Affiliations
Sunil Kishore Chakrapani, Vinay Dayal, Daniel Barnard, David Hsu

Iowa State University, Ames, IA

Paper No. PVP2011-57652, pp. 259-266; 8 pages
  • ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 5: High-Pressure Technology; Nondestructive Evaluation; Nuclear Engineering
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 17–21, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4455-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


With the need for larger and more efficient wind turbine blades, thicker composite sections are manufactured and waviness becomes difficult to control. Thus, there is a need for more effective and field implementable NDE. In this paper we propose a method of detection and quantification of waviness in composite wind turbine blades using ultrasonics. By employing air coupled ultrasonics to facilitate faster and easier scans, we formulated a two step process. Detection was performed with single sided air coupled ultrasonics, and characterization was performed with the help of high frequency contact probes. Severity of the wave was defined with the help of aspect ratio, and several samples with different aspect ratio waves were made. A finite element model for wave propagation in wavy composites was developed, and compared with the experimental results.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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