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Investigation Into the Effect of Residual Stress on Crack-Tip Constraint and Brittle Fracture

[+] Author Affiliations
R. G. Hurlston, A. H. Sherry

The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

J. K. Sharples

Serco Technical Services, Warrington, UK

Paper No. PVP2011-57590, pp. 247-257; 11 pages
  • ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 5: High-Pressure Technology; Nondestructive Evaluation; Nuclear Engineering
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 17–21, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4455-7
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


It is well known that the level of constraint of material at a crack-tip during loading can affect the apparent fracture toughness of components and structures. The effects of geometry and loading on the development of constraint are well defined. Recent research has shown that residual stresses, defined as stresses existing in a material when it is under no primary load, present in the crack-tip region can also affect constraint. However, the effects of this on fracture toughness are not, currently, well understood. The aim of this paper is to investigate the use of constraint based fracture mechanics to quantify unique material fracture toughness curves in two-parameter fracture mechanics type analyses. A novel method for generating residual stresses in single edge notch bend specimens, with minimal associated crack-tip plastic strain, has been devised analytically. Experimental validation has been undertaken to investigate the applicability of constraint based fracture mechanics to characterise the effect of residual stress on brittle fracture of a pressure vessel steel. The results suggest that the use of a unique material toughness curve is possible, certainly when there is a negligible effect of prior plastic strain in the crack-tip region.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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