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Determination of Pipe Whip Restraint Location to Prevent Plastic Hinge Formation in High Energy Piping Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Sivadol Vongmongkol

Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, Charlotte, NC

Asgar Faal-Amiri, Hari M. Srivastava

Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, San Jose, CA

Paper No. PVP2011-57370, pp. 193-202; 10 pages
  • ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 3: Design and Analysis
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 17–21, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4453-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


The purpose of this study is to determine the Pipe Whip Restraint (PWR) location that would prevent the formation of a plastic hinge due to secondary effects of a postulated pipe break load in a high energy line(1) . The prevention of a plastic hinge formation at the PWR location is important since its secondary effects could lead to additional interactions with safety related equipment, structure, and component that are essential to safely shutdown the nuclear power plants. The proper location of the PWR can be found by using the relationship between bending moment-carrying capacity of the pipe and the applied thrust force. Several closed-form solutions obtained from several literatures were studied and used to calculate bending moment-carrying capacities of a piping system and ultimately used to determine a plastic hinge length. The plastic hinge formation is also determined analytically by using the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) method. ANSYS LS-DYNA® [8] Explicit Finite Element code is used in modeling the pipe whip models, which includes the piping system and pipe whip restraint. Comparisons are made between the analytical (FEA) results and the results from several closed-form solutions.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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