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Creep Constitutive Law of Packing Materials Based on Relaxation Tests

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohammed Diany

Université Sultan Moulay Slimane, Beni Mellal, Morocco

Abdel-Hakim Bouzid

École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, QC, Canada

Paper No. PVP2011-57271, pp. 217-225; 9 pages
  • ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 2: Computer Technology and Bolted Joints
  • Baltimore, Maryland, USA, July 17–21, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4452-6
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


The tightness of valves, compressors and pumps is ensured by superposed braided rings installed in a system of stuffing-box. The nature of the packings material and structure, which is like a rectangular braided cord, influences the proper stuffing-box assembly behavior. During installation, a minimum compressive load is required to ensure a minimum level of tightness. A fairly large percentage of this axial compression load is transferred to the radial direction to generate the contact pressures at the packing-stem and packing-housing interfaces necessary for sealing. The packing is considered in several studies as a viscoelastic material with its creep-relaxation behavior assumed as one-dimensional rheological model. In the present work, relaxation tests in a test-bunch containing all the components of the packed stuffing-box, are carried out to define a creep constitutive law for packing braids of different materials. Based on three-dimensional compression tests the developed method is applied to three different packing materials.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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