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Characterization of Combustion Dynamics in Swirl Stabilized Flames

[+] Author Affiliations
Uyi Idahosa, Abhishek Saha, Chengying Xu, Saptarshi Basu

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Paper No. POWER2009-81168, pp. 517-531; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2009-81168
From:
  • ASME 2009 Power Conference
  • ASME 2009 Power Conference
  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, July 21–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4350-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3853-6
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

This paper investigates flame frequency response relative to changes in swirl intensity and equivalence ratio in a non-premixed swirl stabilized burner. The degree of swirl in the burner is characterized by the swirl number (S) provided by circumferentially distributed air supply ports directed tangentially to the main axial air flow. Equivalence ratio variations are induced using varying constant, linear ramp and exponentially decaying fuel (propane) flow rates towards blowoff. The variations in the air speed at the exit of the burner (U) are measured with an anemometer located at the base of the flame. The emission of CH* radicals (I) is used as a marker of flame heat release and is measured using a photomultiplier (PMT). The frequency response of the PMT heat release and burner velocity signals are analyzed in the frequency domain using the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) methods. Amplification in the power of heat release fluctuation is observed in low swirl flames close to blowoff. This effect is found to be reversed in higher swirl number flames even close to blowoff. In dynamic approaches to blowoff (using ramp and decaying fuel flow rates), the dominant heat release fluctuation frequencies are observed to be similar to perturbation frequencies in lean flames hovering at constant fuel flow rates close to blowoff.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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