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Pyrolysis and Steam Gasification of Paper and Evaluation of Paper Char Kinetics

[+] Author Affiliations
Islam Ahmed, Ashwani K. Gupta

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Paper No. POWER2009-81104, pp. 71-79; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2009-81104
From:
  • ASME 2009 Power Conference
  • ASME 2009 Power Conference
  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, July 21–23, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4350-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3853-6
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Main characteristics of gaseous yield from steam gasification have been investigated experimentally. Results of steam gasification have been compared to that of pyrolysis. The temperature range investigated were 600 to 1000°C in steps of 100°C. Results have also been obtained under pyrolysis conditions at same temperatures. For steam gasification runs, steam flow rate was kept constant at 8.0 gr./Min.. Investigated characteristics were evolution of syngas flow rate with time, hydrogen flow rate, chemical composition of syngas, energy yield and apparent thermal efficiency. Residuals from both processes were quantified and compared as well. Material destruction, hydrogen yield and energy yield is better with gasification as compared to pyrolysis. This advantage of the gasification process is attributed mainly to char gasification process. Char gasification is found to be more sensitive to the reactor temperature than pyrolysis. Pyrolysis can start at low temperatures of 400 °C; however char gasification starts at 700 °C. A partial overlap between gasification and pyrolysis exists and is presented here. This partial overlap increases with increase in temperature. As an example, at reactor temperature 800 °C this overlap represents around 27% of the char gasification process and almost 95% at reactor temperature 1000°C.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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