0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Droplet Traffic Control in Microchannel by Droplet Bistability

[+] Author Affiliations
Beomjoon Lee, Jung Yul Yoo

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Paper No. AJK2011-36008, pp. 309-315; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/AJK2011-36008
From:
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 2, Fora
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4441-0
  • Copyright © 2011 by KSME

abstract

This paper presents novel methods for precisely controlling water droplets by use of a microfluidic bifurcation channel with outlet restrictions, based on droplet bistability which utilizes the Laplace pressure due to interfacial tension arising when a droplet encounters a narrow restriction. We implement droplet bistable geometry, which has two symmetric branches and restrictions, to operate as capillary valves, so that a droplet can be trapped in front of a restriction and released through it when the next droplet arrives at the other restriction. It is observed that this trap-and-release occurs repeatedly and regularly by the succeeding droplets. It is also found that there is a critical flow rate to achieve droplet bistability which occurs only when the apparent Laplace pressure surpasses the pressure drop across the droplet. By adopting a simplified hydrodynamic resistance model, droplet bistable mechanism is clearly explained. Droplet bistability enables simple and precise control of droplets at a bifurcation channel. Thus, by an appropriate channel design to induce droplet bistability, precise control of droplet traffic is achieved at a bifurcation channel connected with a single inlet channel and two outlet channels. In particular, we are able to distribute droplets at a junction in a manner of perfect alternation between the two outlet channels. Bistable components can be used as an elaborately embedded droplet traffic signal for red light (trap) and green light (release) in complex microfluidic devices, where droplets provide both the chemical or biological materials and the processing signal.

Copyright © 2011 by KSME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In