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Characteristics of Two-Phase Flows in a Rectangular Microchannel With a T-Junction Type Gas-Liquid Mixer

[+] Author Affiliations
Akimaro Kawahara, Michio Sadatomi, Keitaro Nei, Hideki Matsuo, Takatoshi Masuda

Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan

Paper No. ICNMM2009-82217, pp. 1133-1140; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ICNMM2009-82217
From:
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Pohang, South Korea, June 22–24, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4349-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3850-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

In this study, gas-liquid two-phase flows in a horizontal rectangular microchannel have been investigated. The rectangular microchannel has the hydraulic diameter of 0.235 mm, and the width and the depth of 0.24 mm and 0.23 mm, respectively. A T-junction type gas-liquid mixer was used to introduce gas and liquid in the channel. In order to know the effects of liquid properties, distilled water, ethanol and HFE7200 were used as the test liquids, while nitrogen gas as the test gas. The flow pattern, the bubble length, the liquid slug length and the bubble velocity in two-phase flow were measured with a high speed video camera, and the void fraction was determined from the bubble velocity data and the superficial gas velocity data. In addition, the pressure drop was also measured with a calibrated differential pressure transducer. The bubble length data were compared with the calculation by the scaling law proposed by Garstecki et al (2006). The bubble velocity data and/or the void fraction data were well correlated with the well-known drift flux model (Zuber and Findlay, 1965) with a new distribution parameter correlation developed in this study. The frictional pressure drop data were also well correlated with Lockhart-Martinelli method with a correlation of two-phase friction multiplier.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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