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Enhancement of Pt-Based Catalysts via N-Doped Carbon Supports

[+] Author Affiliations
Ryan O’Hayre, Yingke Zhou, Robert Pasquarelli

Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO

Joe Berry, David Ginley

National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO

Paper No. ENIC2008-53078, pp. 25-29; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/ENIC2008-53078
From:
  • ASME 2008 3rd Energy Nanotechnology International Conference collocated with the Heat Transfer, Fluids Engineering, and Energy Sustainability Conferences
  • ASME 2008 3rd Energy Nanotechnology International Conference
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4323-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

This study experimentally examines the enhancement of carbon supported Pt-based catalysts systems via nitrogen doping. It has been reported that nitrogen-containing carbons promote significant enhancement in Pt/C catalyst activity and durability with respect to the methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction reactions. In order to systematically investigate the effect of N-doping, in this work we have developed geometrically well-defined model catalytic systems consisting of tunable assemblies of Pt catalyst nanoparticles deposited onto both N-doped and undoped highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) substrates. N-doping was achieved via ion beam implantation, and Pt was electrodeposited from solutions of H2 PtCl6 in aqueous HClO4 . Morphology from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and catalytic activity measurement from aqueous electrochemical analysis were utilized to examine the N-doping effects. The results strongly support the theory that doping nitrogen into a graphite support significantly affects both the morphology and behavior of the overlying Pt nanoparticles. In particular, nitrogen-doping was observed to cause a significant decrease in the average Pt nanoparticle size, an increase in the Pt nanoparticle dispersion, and a significant increase in catalytic activity for both methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Carbon , Catalysts

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