Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Dynamical Behavior and Flow Mechanism of Fluid in Nanochannel by Molecular Dynamics Simulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Juanfang Liu, Chao Liu, Qin Li

Chongqing University, Chongqing, China

Paper No. ICNMM2009-82179, pp. 863-866; 4 pages
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Pohang, South Korea, June 22–24, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4349-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3850-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


The flow properties and dynamical behavior of fluid in a nanochannel were investigated by nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation. First of all, the locale distribution of molecules in the channel is found to be strongly inhomogeneous compared to the bulk fluid. In the vicinity of the wall, portion of the fluid molecules are absorbed on the surface of wall due to the strong interaction of the atoms between the wall and liquid, so that the fluid density in the contact region would be much larger than one of the bulk fluid. But in the other region, the local density value approaches one of the bulk fluids with the increasing distance from the wall. This oscillatory behavior of density resulted in different motion behavior of molecules in the different region of nanochannel. The molecular behavior in the interfacial region is remarkably different from those of fluid atoms in the center of channel and wall atoms, which posses both the motion properties of bulk liquids and a solid atom. At the molecular level, macroscopic continuum hypothesis failed, that is, the results predicted by the Navier-Stoke equations deviate from the simulation data adopted by molecular dynamics simulation. In the paper, the velocity profiles for the channels with different width were plotted, which demonstrated that the time-averaged velocity profiles was not quadratic when the channel width was less than 10 molecular diameters. But on the other cases, the velocity profiles will agree well with the analytical solution based on the NS theory. The molecular dynamics simulation method can withdraw the important microscopical information from the simulation process, which benefit to analyze the flow mechanism at such length scale channel.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In