Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Simulation of Liquid Water Evaporation in GDL for PEMFC Under Gas Purge Condition

[+] Author Affiliations
Gen Inoue, Naoyuki Ishibe, Yosuke Matsukuma, Masaki Minemoto

Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Paper No. AJK2011-17015, pp. 3585-3591; 7 pages
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by JSME


In automotive Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (PEFC) system, dry gas purge operation is needed at shutdown condition in order to remove the liquid water in gas diffusion layer (GDL) and to reduce the oxygen diffusion inhibition by liquid water in GDL. However, exceed drying operation leads to degradation of electrolyte membrane because of little water content. Therefore, drying process has to be optimized. In this study, various GDL structure with unique fiber orientation were simulated by numerical analysis, and the real GDL structure was reconstructed by X-ray CT image of carbon paper GDL. Next, our past two-phase network model was improved to include phase change effect. The multi-block two-phase network model based on an actual structure was developed by a direct 3D networking porous structure. As results, the evaporation interface area depended on the porous structure of GDL, and the overall evaporation rate of homogeneous GDL which has uniform structure was 1.5 time higher than that of heterogeneous GDL because of the difference of this interface area. In addition, in the case of rib and channel, liquid water under channel evaporated faster than that under Rib. It is very important to control the drying operation in order to prevent the excess membrane drying.

Copyright © 2011 by JSME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In