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The Critical Heat Flux in Nucleate Boiling Heat Transfer: Part I—The Chemical Actuator Mechanism

[+] Author Affiliations
M. R. Reda

University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada

Paper No. ICNMM2009-82114, pp. 549-565; 17 pages
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Pohang, South Korea, June 22–24, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4349-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3850-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Nucleate boiling heat transfer is first introduced and the literature is reviewed. It was concluded that the passive layer and the grain boundaries are responsible for the transfer to the nucleate boiling regime. Based on the recent work of Biener and his collaborators (Nature Material 2008) and the Gibbs rule of thermodynamics, a possible mechanism was outlined. The mechanism assumes that each grain in the passive layer act as a chemical actuator which is driven by microstructure phase change. The new mechanism agrees well with the experimental results, in good agreement with previous models and can explain why and how CHF occurs.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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