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Heat Transfer Characteristics of Gaseous Slip Flow in Concentric Micro Annular Tubes

[+] Author Affiliations
Chungpyo Hong, Koichi Suzuki

Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba, Japan

Yutaka Asako

Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. ICNMM2009-82087, pp. 539-547; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ICNMM2009-82087
From:
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 2009 7th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Pohang, South Korea, June 22–24, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4349-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3850-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

A concentric micro annular passage is a basic and important micro-geometry of micro-fluidic-systems from simple heat exchanger to the most complicated nuclear reactors. Therefore, heat transfer characteristics of gaseous flows in concentric micro annular tubes with constant heat flux whose value was positive or negative were numerically investigated. The slip velocity, temperature jump and shear stress work were considered on the slip boundary. The numerical methodology was based on the Arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method. The computations were performed for two thermal cases. This is, the heat flux was constant at the inner wall and outer wall was adiabatic (Case 1) and the heat flux was constant at the outer wall and the inner wall was adiabatic (Case 2). Each constant heat flux of 104 Wm−2 for the positive value and −104 Wm−2 for the negative value was chosen. The outer tube radius ranged from 20 to 150 μm with the radius ratio 0.02, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 and the ratio of length to hydraulic diameter was 100. The stagnation pressure was chosen in such a way that the exit Mach number ranges from 0.1 to 0.7. The outlet pressure was fixed at the atmospheric pressure. The heat transfer characteristics in concentric micro annular tubes were obtained. The wall and bulk temperatures with positive heat flux are compared with those of negative heat flux cases and also compared with those of the simultaneously developing incompressible flow. The results show that the compressible slip flow Nusselt number is different from that of incompressible flow. And, the temperatures normalized by heat flux have different trends whether heat flux value is positive or negative. A correlation for the prediction of the heat transfer characteristics of gas slip flow in concentric micro annular tubes is proposed.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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