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Utilization of Heat, Power and Recovered Waste Heat for Industrial Processes in the US Chemical Industry

[+] Author Affiliations
Nesrin Ozalp

Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar

Paper No. ES2008-54120, pp. 57-67; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2008-54120
From:
  • ASME 2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the Heat Transfer, Fluids Engineering, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • ASME 2008 2nd International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Volume 1
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division and Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4319-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents energy end-use model of the U.S. Chemical Industry. The model allocates combustible fuel and renewable energy inputs among generic end-uses including intermediate conversions through onsite power and steam generation. Results of this model provide the basis to scale energy process-step models. Two federal databases used to construct energy end-use models are Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey of the U.S. Energy Information Administration, and the Energy Information Administration’s “EIA-860B: Annual Electric Generator Report”. These databases provide information on energy consumption for each end-use, electricity generation, and recovered waste heat at the prime mover level of detail for each industry on a national scale. Results of the model show that the majority of the fuel input is used directly for the end-uses. Although the rest of the fuel is used to generate steam and power, most of this energy contributes to the end-uses as steam. Therefore, the purpose of fuel consumption at non-utility plants is to run their end-uses. During the course of this study, the most recent U.S. federal energy database available was for the year 1998. Currently, the most recent available U.S. federal energy database is given for the year 2002 based on the data collected from 15,500 establishments.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Heat , Waste heat

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