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Determination of Local Conditions in PEFCs by Combining Spatially Resolved Current Density Measurements With Real-Time Modelling

[+] Author Affiliations
T. Knöri, M. Schulze, K. A. Friedrich

German Aerospace Center, Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. FuelCell2008-65225, pp. 911-918; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/FuelCell2008-65225
From:
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, June 16–18, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4318-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3822-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by German Aerospace Center

abstract

In this contribution a simplified, isothermal, two-phase, one-dimensional model for the calculation of the cathodic gas flow along the flow field channels of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) are presented. The composition of the humidified oxidant gas, average gas velocity, pressure drop, and other quantities can be calculated for different gas distributor structures. Thereby, the model requires several input parameters determined solely by experiment and operation conditions, e.g. the water content of the feed gas, local current densities, and gas flow rates. In contrast to other models, the cross-section reduction has been taken into account which results from the penetration of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) into the flow field channels due to the mounting pressure. Beyond this, the model needs no fit-parameters for further adjustment. For investigating the factors limiting the performance of a PEFC, the DLR has developed several techniques for measuring the spatially resolved current density distribution [1–5]. In order to investigate the origin of the corresponding effects, one of these techniques has been improved by implementing the model of the cathodic gas flow as an on-line feature. The combination of a spatially resolved measurement technique with a real-time simulation gives a better understanding of the local processes within the cell and represents a helpful tool for the development of fuel cell components as well as for the optimization of the operating conditions. In the presentation the results for a 25 cm2 serpentine flow field at different operation modes are shown.

Copyright © 2008 by German Aerospace Center

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