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Hexaaluminate Catalysts for Fuel Reforming

[+] Author Affiliations
Nicholas E. McGuire, Neal P. Sullivan, Robert J. Kee, Huayang Zhu, Michael Kaufman

Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO

James A. Nabity, Jeffrey R. Engel

TDA Research Inc., Wheat Ridge, CO

David T. Wickham

Reaction Systems LLC, Golden, CO

Paper No. FuelCell2008-65231, pp. 461-468; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, June 16–18, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4318-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3822-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Hexaaluminate catalysts offer excellent high-temperature stability compared to the equivalent metal-based catalysts. Their stability also lends well to use as a catalyst support. However, use of novel hexaaluminates is limited in fuel processing for fuel-cell applications. In this paper, we report on the performance of hexaaluminates as a catalyst support in the steam reforming of methane. The hexaaluminates are synthesized by a metal-exchange process using alumoxane precursors that enable a wide range of metal substitutions. Performance is evaluated using a unique stagnation-flow reactor that enables detailed probing of the boundary layer above the catalyst-impregnated stagnation surface. Experimental results are compared with models to understand fundamental reaction kinetics and optimize catalyst performance. RhSr-substituted hexaaluminates with a Rh impregnation are shown to yield the best performance. Scanning- and Transmission-Electron Microscopy are used to characterize the different types of hexaaluminates, and to examine the effect of aging on catalyst structure.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Fuels , Catalysts



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