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An Experimental Study on Opening Delay of a Reed Valve for Reciprocating Compressors

[+] Author Affiliations
Fumitaka Yoshizumi, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Kazunori Yoshida

Toyota Central R&D Labs, Inc., Nagakute, Aichi, Japan

Takahiro Moroi, Masakazu Obayashi, Naofumi Kimura

Toyota Industries Company, Kariya, Aichi, Japan

Shinji Tamano, Yohei Morinishi

Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Paper No. AJK2011-07019, pp. 1883-1893; 11 pages
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by JSME


Automatic reed valves are widely used to control refrigerant gas flow in reciprocating compressors for automotive air conditioners. The oil film in the clearance between the reed and the valve seat causes a delay in opening of the valve. This opening delay of the discharge valve leads to over compression, which increases losses such as friction in sliding components and gas overheating. Therefore it is important to understand the behavior both of the oil film and the elastic reed deformation in order to reduce losses due to the delay. This study aims to develop an experimental setup that enables simultaneous visualization of the oil film rupture and measurement of the reed deformation, and to observe this behavior during the valve opening process. The gas-compression stroke is simulated by controlling compressed air with an electromagnetic valve. The oil film rupture is visually observed using a high speed camera through a special valve seat made of glass. The total deformation of the cantilever reed is identified by multipoint strain measurement with 12 strain gauges. The experiment finds that the opening process is divided into four stages. In the first stage, the reed remains stuck to the seat and deforms while the bore pressure increases. In the second stage, cavitation occurs in the oil film and the film starts to rupture. In the third stage, the oil film ruptures and the bore pressure starts to decrease. Finally, in the fourth stage, the reed is separated from the seat and the gas flows through the valve. Reducing the reed/seat contact area changes the reed deformation in the first stage, thereby increasing the reed/seat distance and realizing an earlier oil film rupture and a shorter delay.

Copyright © 2011 by JSME
Topics: Compressors , Valves , Delays



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