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Modeling the Species Transport and Reactions in an SOFC Cathode Using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
Emily Ryan, Cristina Amon

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

Paper No. FuelCell2008-65169, pp. 283-289; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/FuelCell2008-65169
From:
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, June 16–18, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4318-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3822-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

A computer model for species mass transport within the cathode of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is being developed based on the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method. Smoothed particle hydrodynamics is a grid-free modeling technique which uses a Lagrangian framework to model fluid dynamics systems as a discrete system of particles using a smoothing approximation. The method is able to handle complex geometries and complex physical and chemical phenomena with relative ease compared to grid based methods. The model is being developed to investigate chromium poisoning in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells by examining the transport and reactions of chromium species in the cathode. The model includes ordinary and Knudsen diffusion within the cathode, which have both been shown to be significant mass transport processes in solid oxide fuel cells, and the adsorption reactions on the surface of the cathode. Chromium is thought to adsorb to the surface of the cathode reducing the number of adsorption sites for oxygen. The pore scale nature of smoothed particle hydrodynamics eliminates the need for effective properties of the porous structure to be used in the diffusion model. Previous solid oxide fuel cell electrode models based on effective diffusion models such as the dusty gas model rely on the bulk properties of the porous medium such as porosity and tortuosity to describe the complex microstructure of the electrodes. Bulk properties add unwanted uncertainty and error into the model, by using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method some of these uncertainties can be removed from the model. The paper reviews past work on chromium poisoning, discusses the applicability of smoothed particle hydrodynamics for modeling the solid oxide fuel cell cathode and describes the model in detail.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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