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A High-Performance No-Chamber Fuel Cell Operated on Flame

[+] Author Affiliations
Kang Wang, Jeongmin Ahn

Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Zongping Shao

Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Paper No. FuelCell2008-65130, pp. 215-221; 7 pages
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2008 6th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, June 16–18, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4318-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3822-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


A no-chamber solid-oxide fuel cell that operated on a fuel-rich ethanol flame was reported. Heat produced from the combustion of ethanol thermally sustained the fuel cell at a temperature range of 500 ∼ 830 °C. Considerable amounts of hydrogen and carbon monoxide were also produced during the fuel-rich combustion directly providing the fuels for the fuel cell. The location of the fuel cell with respect to the flame was found to have a significant effect on the fuel cell temperature and performance. The highest power density was achieved when the anode was exposed to the inner flame. By modifying the Ni+Sm0.2 Ce0.8 O1.9 (SDC) anode with a thin Ru/SDC catalytic layer, the fuel cell envisaged not only an increase of the peak power density to ∼ 200 mW/cm2 but also in a significant improvement of the anodic coking resistance.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Fuel cells , Flames



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