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Numerical Study of Advection Schemes for Interface Capturing in a Volume of Fluid Method on Unstructured Meshes

[+] Author Affiliations
Hua Shan, Sung-Eun Kim

Naval Surface Warfare Center, West Bethesda, MD

Paper No. AJK2011-04029, pp. 1669-1682; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/AJK2011-04029
From:
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3

abstract

In solving naval hydrodynamics problems using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), the moving free surface between air and water introduces extra difficulties to numerical methods, since the material property jumps across the interface and the time-dependent free surface position becomes part of the solution. Engineering applications often require a flexible and robust solver for incompressible multi-phase viscous flows with the capability of capturing the interface. In the volume of fluid (VOF) method, the interface is captured by directly solving the convection transport equation of volume fraction. In this case, the numerical dissipation of the advection scheme smears the sharp interface and the numerical dispersion causes unphysical oscillations near the interface. Utilizing the guidance of boundedness criteria, many limited higher-order non-liner advection schemes have been developed in an attempt to balance numerical dissipation and dispersion. Though it is well-known that these non-linear advection schemes can lead to solutions combining boundednesss and accuracy, users are often overwhelmed by the wide variety of available schemes. Also, these schemes are developed with the assumption of a uniform Cartesian-type mesh. Thus, a thorough investigation and comparison of the performance of these interface-capturing advection schemes are necessary, especially for naval hydrodynamics problems solved on unstructured meshes. In this study, a systematic comparison and evaluation of several existing and new bounded, higher-order advection schemes has been conducted within the framework of NavyFOAM, which is developed based on OpenFOAM — an object orientated C++ toolbox for the customization and extension of numerical solvers for continuum mechanics problems, including CFD, where the governing equations are discretized using the cell-centered finite volume method on unstructured mesh. The flexible infrastructure of the code enables us to implement and test the selected advection schemes very quickly. The test cases include advection of hollow cylinders, Zalesak’s rotating slotted disk, traveling solitary wave, dam breaking problem.

Topics: Fluids

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