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Flow Field Investigation in a Water Treatment Reactor Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
Saber Ahmed, M. G. Rasul

Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD, Australia

R. J. Brown

Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

J. Esteban Duran

The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Paper No. AJK2011-03061, pp. 1479-1485; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/AJK2011-03061
From:
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by JSME

abstract

The hydrodynamic behaviour of a novel flat plate photocatalytic reactor for water treatment is investigated using CFD code FLUENT. The reactor consists of a reactive section that features negligible pressure drop and uniform illumination of the photocatalyst surface to ensure improved photocatalytic efficiency. The numerical simulations allowed the identification of several design issues in the original reactor, which include extensive boundary layer separation near the photocatalyst support and regions of flow recirculation that render a significant portion of the reactive area. The simulations reveal that this issue could be addressed by selecting the appropriate inlet positions and configurations. This modification can cause minimal pressure drop across the reactive zone and achieves significant uniformization of the tested pollutant on the photocatalyst surface. The influence of roughness elements types has also been studied with a view to identify their role on the distribution of pollutant concentration on the photocatalyst surface. The results presented here indicate that the flow and pollutant concentration field strongly depend on the geometric parameters and flow conditions of the reactor.

Copyright © 2011 by JSME

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