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Studies on Flow Transition Under Simulated Low Pressure Turbine Conditions Based on a High Order LES Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Debasish Biswas, Tomohiko Jimbo

Toshiba Corporation, Kawasaki, Japan

Paper No. AJK2011-02001, pp. 1149-1160; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/AJK2011-02001
From:
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by JSME

abstract

Boundary layer transition is an important phenomenon experienced by the flow through gas turbine engines. A substantial fraction of the boundary layer on both sides of a gas turbine airfoil may be transitional. The extended transition zone exist due to strong favorable pressure gradients, found on both near the leading edge portion of the suction side and the pressure side, which serve to stabilize the boundary layer and consequently delay the transition process, even under high free-stream turbulence intensity (FSTI) in practical gas turbine. It is very important to properly model and predict the high FSTI transition mechanism, since boundary layer transition leads to substantial increase in friction coefficients and heat transfer rate. Near wall turbulence production is thought to be largely absent in the non-turbulent zone. The intermittent nature of transition need to be taken into account in developing improved transition model. Much has been learned from the to date, but the nature of separated flow transition is still not completely clear, and existing models are still not robust as needed for accurate prediction. Therefore, in the present work a high order LES turbulent model proposed by the author is used to predict the separated flow transition. The experimental data of Volino is chosen for this comparison purpose. In his experimental work, the flow through a single-passage cascade simulator is documented under both high and low FSTI conditions at several different Reynolds numbers. The geometry of the passage (in Volino’s work) corresponds to that of the “Pak-B” airfoil, which is an industry supplied research airfoil that is representative of a modern, aggressive LP turbine design. Volino’s data included a complete documentation of cases with Re as low as 25,000 and also the documentation of turbulent shear stress in the boundary layer under both high and low FSTI.

Copyright © 2011 by JSME

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