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Multi Stage Axial Compressor Design and Performance Evaluation

[+] Author Affiliations
Young Seok Kang, Tae Choon Park, Oh Sik Hwang, Soo Seok Yang

Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Paper No. AJK2011-22051, pp. 723-729; 7 pages
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by KSME


Recently, needs for Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) and small aircraft are increasing and demands for small turbo jet or turbo fan engines are also increasing. Then, size and weight are the two main restrictions in UAV or small aircraft propulsion system applications. One method for resolving such a problem is to increase the pressure rise per stage and to reduce the number of stages. Nowadays, matured compressor aerodynamic design techniques enable us to design highly loaded axial compressors. This paper covers from the design step of a highly loaded transonic axial compressor to the performance test result and its analysis. At the fore part of the paper, aerodynamic process of a multi stage axial compressor is introduced. To satisfy both of the mass flow and pressure rise, the compressor should rotate at a high rotational speed. Therefore the transonic flow field forms in the rotor stages and it is designed with a relatively high pressure rise per stage to satisfy its design target. Basically, one dimensional and quasi three dimensional compressor design were carried with compressor design codes. The compressor stage consists of 3 stages, and the bulk pressure ratio is 2.5. The first stage is burdened with the highest pressure ratio and less pressure rises occur in the following stages. Also it is designed that tip Mach number of the first rotor row does not exceed 1.3. The final design was confirmed by iterating three dimensional CFD calculations to satisfy design target and some design intentions. In the latter part of the paper, its performance test processes are briefly introduced. The performance test result showed that the overall compressor performance targets; pressure ratio and efficiency are well achieved. From the test results, we found some clues for further improvement and optimization of the compressor aerodynamic performance.

Copyright © 2011 by KSME



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