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Research on Cavitation Induced Noise in a Centrifugal Pump

[+] Author Affiliations
Bo Gao, Minguan Yang, Zhong Li, Can Kang

Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China

Paper No. AJK2011-06065, pp. 345-350; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/AJK2011-06065
From:
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

To study the cavitation flow field and cavitation induced noise features in a centrifugal pump, a model pump is chosen as the research object. Cavitation flow field at design and off-design operating conditions is visualized by high speed camera. The cavitation bubbles spatial distribution changing with pump net positive suction head (NPSH) value have been captured. Meanwhile, cavitation noise signals from the pump at the corresponding operating conditions have been acquired in the frequency band from 10 up to 8kHz. Noise levels at broadband frequency and discrete frequency, such as rotating frequency (RF) and blade pass frequency (BPF), are discussed. It is of help to recognize the relationship between cavitation bubbles and emitted noise spectrum characteristics. Experimental results indicate that the total noise level is unlikely to raise before and in the cavitation inception period. But sound pressure level (SPL) over high frequency broadband increases obviously, as well as SPL at BPF and half of that. It is hard to change at RF. When the NPSH goes down until to the onset of cavitation damage, cavitation cloud appears. The volume fraction of bubbles in every impeller passage is different. The total and high frequency noise level reach peak values near the NPSH critical point. The discrete tone at half of BPF also raises steeply. Cavitation bubbles are filled both on suction and pressure side of the blades in fully developed cavitation stage. Emitted noise energy fluctuates due to the unsteady features of internal flow in the pump.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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