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Effects of Swirl Brakes on the Leakage Flow Between the Casing and the Shroud of a Centrifugal Impeller

[+] Author Affiliations
Toshiya Kimura, Satoshi Kawasaki, Mitsuru Shimagaki, Masaharu Uchiumi

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Kakuda, Miyagi, Japan

Paper No. AJK2011-06048, pp. 241-248; 8 pages
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference: Volume 1, Symposia – Parts A, B, C, and D
  • Hamamatsu, Japan, July 24–29, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4440-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by JSME


CFD simulations were performed for the leakage flow in the gap between the casing and the shroud of a centrifugal impeller. The effects of swirl brakes created in the casing on the leakage flow were numerically investigated. The leakage flow swirling due to impeller rotation was trapped inside a swirl brake and interacted with the walls of the swirl brake, generating a very complex flow and a vortex structure inside. By the interaction with swirl brakes, the leakage flow rapidly lost its angular momentum mainly in the outer region of the swirl brake. The loss of swirl resulted in a decrease of the pressure difference in the radial direction due to the centrifugal force effect. The radial distribution of pressure in the gap between the casing and the shroud was largely modified, and thus the axial thrust force on the impeller was changed as well. The thrust balance of the impeller can be adjusted by an appropriate design of swirl brakes and the instability of rotating shaft can be reduced by decreasing the swirl of the leakage flow.

Copyright © 2011 by JSME



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