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Decentralised Control Design for Load Mitigation in Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines (HAWTS)

[+] Author Affiliations
Fredrik Sandquist, Geir Moe

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Olimpo Anaya-Lara

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; University of Strathclyde, Scotland, UK

Paper No. OMAE2011-50147, pp. 871-878; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2011-50147
From:
  • ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 5: Ocean Space Utilization; Ocean Renewable Energy
  • Rotterdam, The Netherlands, June 19–24, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4437-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

In modern MW-size machines it has become a common practice to introduce controllers that provide active damping of turbine components to reduce blade, tower and drive-train loads, whilst optimising energy capture. However, as wind turbines become larger and more flexible, these controllers have to be designed with great care as the coupling between flexible modes increases and so does the potential to destabilise the turbine. The most direct method to address the above issues has been to exploit the pitch control capabilities. Individual Pitch Control (IPC) has been proposed many times over the last few years for load mitigation. Bearing this in mind, this paper investigates two different approaches to design a controller to pitch each blade individually in the wind turbine operating region III. The first one is a decentralised control algorithm and the second one is an H ∞ loop shaping design. A controllability analysis of the wind turbine is also included in the paper. The investigation is conducted based on the NREL 5MW benchmark wind turbine. Turbine modeling and control is conducted in FAST and Simulink.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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