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Gas Holdup in a Cocurrent Air-Water-Fiber Bubble Column

[+] Author Affiliations
Chengzhi Tang, Theodore J. Heindel

Iowa State University, Ames, IA

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56220, pp. 497-505; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/HT-FED2004-56220
From:
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 3
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4692-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

Effects of superficial liquid velocity (Ul ), superficial gas velocity (Ug ), and fiber mass fraction (C) on gas holdup (ε) and flow regime transition are studied experimentally in well-mixed water-cellulose fiber suspensions in a cocurrent bubble column. Experimental results show that the gas holdup decreases with increasing Ul when C and Ug are constant. The gas holdup is not significantly affected by C in the range of C < 0.4%, but decreases with increasing C in the range of 0.4% ≤ C ≤ 1.5%. When C > 1.5%, a significant amount of gas is trapped in the fiber network and recirculates with the water-fiber slurry in the system; as a result, the measured gas holdup is higher than that at C = 1.5%. The axial gas holdup distribution is shown to be a complex function of superficial gas and liquid velocities and fiber mass fraction. The drift-flux model is used to analyze the flow regime transitions at different conditions. Three distinct flow regimes are observed when C ≤ 0.4%, but only two are identified when 0.6% ≤ C ≤ 1.5%. The superficial gas velocities at which flow transition occurs from one regime to another are not significantly affected by Ul and slightly decrease with increasing C.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Fibers , Bubbles , Water

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