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An Experimental Study on the Waterway Rescue System for Natural Disasters in the Tokyo Metropolis

[+] Author Affiliations
Chiu Hsien Yu

Nihon University, Funabashi, Chiba, Japan

Tomoe Oikawa, Wataru Miyazaki, Takeo Kondo, Kazukiyo Yamamoto

Nihon University, Chiba, Japan

Kazuya Egami

Ecoh Corporation, Chiba, Japan

Paper No. OMAE2011-49858, pp. 129-134; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2011-49858
From:
  • ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 5: Ocean Space Utilization; Ocean Renewable Energy
  • Rotterdam, The Netherlands, June 19–24, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4437-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

When the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake struck Japan in 1995, water transportation effectively supported rescue operations. Subsequently, Tokyo metropolitan government created a plan for a series of disaster relief piers in preparation for the Tokyo Metropolitan Epicentral Earthquake. In this study, we carried out field surveys for nine disaster relief piers which were established by the Japanese government, the Tokyo metropolitan government, and the wards in Tokyo, in order to find out issues of disaster relief piers for wheelchair users in case of a disaster. In the surveys, we checked the actual conditions of barrier-free implementation of the disaster relief piers, and analyzed the accessibility from the shelters to the disaster relief piers in terms of the shortest distance and travel time. As a result, we elucidated various mobility barriers for wheelchair users when they evacuate to the disaster relief piers.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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