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A Contact Model for Nonlinear Forced Response Prediction of Turbine Blades: Calculation Techniques and Experimental Comparison

[+] Author Affiliations
Christian M. Firrone, Marco Allara, Muzio M. Gola

Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy

Paper No. GT2008-51231, pp. 573-582; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-51231
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4315-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Dry friction damping produced by sliding surfaces is commonly used to reduce vibration amplitude of blade arrays in turbo-machinery. The dynamic behavior of turbine components is significantly affected by the forces acting at their contact interfaces. In order to perform accurate dynamic analysis of these components, contact models must be included in the numerical solvers. This paper presents a novel approach to compute the contact stiffness of cylindrical contacts, analytical and based on the continuous contact mechanics. This is done in order to overcome the known difficulties in simultaneously adjusting the values of both tangential and normal contact stiffness experimentally. Monotonic loading curves and hysteresis cycles of contact forces vs. relative displacement are evaluated as a function of the main contact parameters (i.e. the contact geometry, the material properties and the contact normal load). The new contact model is compared with other contact models already presented in literature in order to show advantages and limitations. The contact model is integrated in a numerical solver, based on the Harmonic Balance Method (HBM), for the calculation of the forced response of turbine components with friction contacts, in particular underplatform dampers. Results from the nonlinear numerical simulations are compared with those from validation experiments.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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