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Experimental Investigation and Numerical Modeling of Hydrodynamic Force Characteristics and Deformation of an Elastic Net

[+] Author Affiliations
Sho Ito, Takeshi Kinoshita, Daisuke Kitazawa, Weiguang Bao, Hiroshi Itakura

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. OMAE2011-49213, pp. 23-33; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2011-49213
From:
  • ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 5: Ocean Space Utilization; Ocean Renewable Energy
  • Rotterdam, The Netherlands, June 19–24, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4437-3
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

With the increasing worldwide demand of seafood and environmental problems in coastal aquaculture, offshore area has been increasingly expected to be utilized for aquaculture. An offshore aquaculture system has fewer effects on the surrounding marine environment through the rapid diffusion of organic wastes from the cultured fish than a coastal one. The offshore area then provides clean waters for cultured fish. On the other hand, the offshore aquaculture system is subject to the severe natural condition such as typhoon attack. Actually, in the current aquaculture system, the offshore sea cages are always submerged around 10m below the sea surface to avoid the effects of high waves and strong currents. However, the safety of the sea cage against the incident wave has seldom been examined, while that against the water current has been analyzed by model tests in tank and numerical simulation. We investigated the hydrodynamic force properties of a heaving sea cage in the previous work and its results proved that the deformation of net much affects on sea cage’s motion characteristics. To study the most fundamental problem, we investigated the hydrodynamic force characteristics of a rigid net as a first step and explained that these relate to its porosity and wave conditions. As a second step, in the present study, we investigate hydrodynamic force properties of an elastic net. Six square-shaped textile net models which are made of elastic strings and metallic frame are arranged. Three different porosities (0.53, 0.64 and 0.74) and two different net’s tension (10 and 50 N/m) on each porosity are employed; that is, we arranged 6 elastic net models. Forced heaving tests and diffraction tests are carried out. In addition to measuring heave force, the deformation of net surface is measured by a video image analysis system. To compare with the experimental results, we calculate hydrodynamic forces and the deformation of net using a boundary element method. The boundary condition on elastic net is that the normal velocity to the surface is not zero but proportional to the pressure difference. The deformation is also taken into consideration.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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